Role of Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography in Preoperative Diagnostics of Choledocholithiasis in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholesyctectomy

Abstract


The capabilities of different methods of preoperative diagnostics of choledocholithiasis are considered in the given article. Both routine (transabdominal ultrasound, fibrogastroduodenoscopy and others) and relatively new methods (magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)) are described from the point of view of their role in solving the problem of timely preoperative diagnostics of choledocholithiasis, as well as the role of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in its historical perspective. Particular attention is paid to the informativity of combined application of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography in detecting hepatobiliary zone pathology. The role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting hepatobiliary zone pathology and its high accuracy in preoperative diagnostics of choledocholithiasis is emphasized. Current statistical data concerning the use of MRI in the health care system of the Russian Federation are provided in the article. Based on the attained results the authors conclude that the complex of diagnostic program for patients with suspected choledocholithiasis, undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, should include magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, besides routine diagnostic techniques. Endosonography should complement magnetic resonance imaging when there is need for updating the diagnosis. Retrograde cholangiopancreatography should be used in case of uninformative magnetic resonance cholangiography and endoscopic sonography. This approach improves considerably the diagnostic accuracy of studies and reduces the number of invasive diagnostic procedures. Key words Сholedocholithiasis, magnetic resonance сholangiopancreatography (MCRP), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endosonography (EUS), laparoscopic cholecystectomy, mini-invasive technologies

Saint-Petersburg State University, 8a V.O. 21st Line., Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
MD, Prof., Chief of Department of Departmental Surgery, Director of Surgical Service of CH №122; Faculty of Medicine

Saint-Petersburg State University, 8a V.O. 21st Line., Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
MD, Prof., Chief of Department of Departmental Surgery, Faculty of Medicine CH №122

Saint-Petersburg State University, 8a V.O. 21st Line., Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
Ph.D., Assoc. Prof., Faculty of Medicine, Department of Departmental Surgery, CH №122, Endoscopist

Saint-Petersburg State University, 8a V.O. 21st Line., Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

Email: sapientia83@mail.ru
Post-graduate student of Faculty of Medicine, Department of Departmental Surgery

Saint-Petersburg State University, 8a V.O. 21st Line., Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
Post-graduate student, CH №122, radiologist of MRT office. Mechnikov North-West State Medical University, Department of Radiology

Saint-Petersburg State University, 8a V.O. 21st Line., Saint-Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
Post-graduate student, CH №122, surgeon. Faculty of Medicine, Department of Departmental Surgery CH №122

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