The Influence of Ontogeny Parathyroid Glands on their Topographic Anatomy Particular


Relevance The issues of parathyroid glands embryological origin are allow more fully understand the topography and embryology parathyroid glands and predict their location. The purpose of the study On the basis of the principles of parathyroid glands embryogenesis, the specifics of their topographic anatomy and prepare a theoretical basis for volume modeling parathyroid glands location in front of the neck. Matherials and methods The objects of study were 217 bodies of people who died suddenly from diseases not related to the pathology of the neck. Measured parameters describing the shape of parathyroid glands and their location in space. Since parathyroid glands functionally and morphologically closely related to the thyroid, much attention is paid to their relative syntopy. Results and their discussion Using the criteria proposed in the paper, and based on the received laws, we propose guidelines for the determination of parathyroid glands preoperative topography. Parathyroid glands found in zones 2-3, 3 and 3-4 are derived fourth branchial arch. Parathyroid glands found in zones 1, 1-2, 2, 4-5 and 5 are parathyroid glands III. Parathyroid glands, located at the lower third of the thyroid (zone 4), may have different origins. Conclusions The proposed principle study of the topography parathyroid glands clinically caused. Active implementation of the proposed criteria for the practice of surgeons, oncologists and pathologists, allow perform preoperative prediction of topography parathyroid glands and intraoperative imaging, improving the quality of operations on the thyroid and parathyroid glands.

Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N. N. Burdenko, Voronezh, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
MD, Professor, Head of the Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N. N. Burdenko.

Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N. N. Burdenko, Voronezh, Russian Federation

MD, Associate Professor, Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N. N. Burdenko

Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N. N. Burdenko, Voronezh, Russian Federation

graduate student of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N. N. Burdenko.

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