Constitutional and Anatomical Feature Structure Hypogastric Region of Abdominal Wall

Abstract


The purpose of the study The identify constitutional and topographic anatomical features of the structure of the hypogastric region and the inguinal canal in patients with inguinal hernias, and without pathology of a forward abdominal wall. Materials and methods The study involved 164 corpses, 41 of them a corpse with inguinal hernias, 123 corpses without pathology anterior abdominal wall. Results and their discussion The influence of body type, abdominal shape, the structural features of the rear wall of the inguinal canal, variant anatomy of the rectus abdominal muscle on the occurrence of inguinal hernias. Conclusion In the occurrence of inguinal hernias are predisposing factors brachymorphic and mesomorphic body types, male form of the abdomen, weakness, abdominal transverse fascia, the triangular shape of the inguinal period, and the greater its lower medial angle, the higher the likelihood of disease. The high altitude inguinal gap and the minimum width of the tendons connected in people with inguinal hernias are caused by compression of the hernia sac of the tendon and the lower edge of the internal oblique abdominal muscles. When inguinal hernias are often found lipomas of the spermatic cord or round ligament of the uterus, and they can have both primary and secondary origin.

N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy, 10 Studencheskaia Str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian
Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
MD, the professor, the head of the department of operational surgery with topographical anatomy of the N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy

N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy, 10 Studencheskaia Str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian
Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
MD, the professor, the director of scientific research institute of a herniology, the professor of the faculty surgery of the N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy

N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy, 10 Studencheskaia Str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian
Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
MD, the associate professor of operational surgery with topographical anatomy of the N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy

N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy, 10 Studencheskaia Str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian
Federation

Email: author@vestnik-surgery.com
 the postgraduate student of Voronezh state medical academy of Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of the N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy

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