Modern aspects of etiology, diagnostics and treatment of osteomyelitisS

Abstract


There are 3-10 % cases of chronic osteomyelitis among abscessed surgical disorders. Osteomyelitis develops in 3-25 % of cases after open bone fractures and in 1-8 % of cases after closed fracture surgical treatment, along with this chronic osteomyelitis relapses happen in 20-35 % of cases, which, in turn, needs definitive treatment to the extent of abscission. Staphylococcus aureus dominates in cases of chronic osteitis. The role of proteuses, enterococcuses, bacteroids, peptococcuses and other microorganisms grows. Osteomyelitis is a type of purulent surgical infection in which a macroorganism interacts with a pathogenic microflora. The osteomyelitis clinic differs from the phase, form and pathogenetic process. There are primary and secondary (osteomyelitis, acute and chronic phase, toxic, septicopyemic and local forms. The methods of treatment of osteomyelitis are conservative and surgical, and also their combination.


Nikita Valeryevich Sakovich

Author for correspondence.
dr.kit@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7812-3807
SPIN-code: 9380-8400
Voronezh state medical University. N. N. Burdenko
Russian Federation, 10 Studencheskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian Federation

graduate student, surgeon, traumatologist

Aleksandr Alekseyevich Andreev

sugery@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5242-6105
SPIN-code: 1394-5147
Voronezh state medical University. N. N. Burdenko
Russian Federation, 10 Studencheskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian Federation

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor

Elena Viktorovna Mikulich

alenkamik@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4522-596X
SPIN-code: 8259-8701
Voronezh state medical University N. N. Burdenko
Russian Federation, 10 Studencheskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian Federation

Ph.d., assistant of the Department of General Surgery

Anton Petrovich Ostroushko

mail@vestnik-surgery.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3656-5954
SPIN-code: 9811-2385
Voronezh state medical University N. N. Burdenko
Russian Federation, 10 Studencheskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian Federation

hD, associate Professor of General surgery

Vladislav Gennad'evich Zvyagin

mail@vestnik-surgery.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9790-5740
SPIN-code: 6610-6881
Voronezh state medical University N. N. Burdenko
Russian Federation, 10 Studencheskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russian Federation

student of the 5th course of medical
faculty

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Copyright (c) Sakovich N.V., Andreev A.A., Mikulich E.V., Ostroushko A.P., Zvyagin V.G.

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